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Despite its retroactive nature, children born before an annulment are considered legitimate in many countries.
A marriage can be voidable for a variety of reasons, depending on jurisdiction. In countries where marriage law is influenced by religion (especially Roman Catholicism) there can be numerous reasons for a marriage to be voidable (see section below).A void marriage is a marriage which has no legal recognition (was not legally valid in the first place, i.e. Such a marriage is automatically null, although a declaration of nullity is required to establish this.The process of obtaining a declaration of nullity is similar to an annulment process.Unlike divorce, it is usually retroactive, meaning that an annulled marriage is considered to be invalid from the beginning almost as if it had never taken place (though some jurisdictions provide that the marriage is only void from the date of the annulment; for example, this is the case in section 12 of the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 in England and Wales).A difference exists between a void marriage and a voidable marriage .
A diriment impediment prevents a marriage from being validly contracted at all and renders the union a putative marriage, while a prohibitory impediment renders a marriage valid but not licit. An invalid marriage may be subsequently convalidated, either by simple convalidation (renewal of consent that replaces invalid consent) or by sanatio in radice ("healing in the root", the retroactive dispensation from a diriment impediment).